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Windows Tools

AccessChk v4.01
How to use XP Tools
How can I verify a computer DNS entries are correctly registered in DNS?
How can I run Windows NT 4 Server Manager Tool on W2K?
How to add a user right remotely
How to change ip using batch file
How to check which port is opened in my proxy server (must be from XP)
How to delete same type files from different folders
How to determine which program uses specific TCP ports
How to list the non-administrative shares on a remote system and returns the ACLs on those shares.
How to Determine Which Program Uses or Blocks Specific TCP Ports in Windows Server 2003
How to find my logon server and domain
How to troubleshoot using Network Monitor
How to use net helpmsg to check error details
How to Use the NETSH Command to Change IP address
How to use netsh to add/delete/list the DHCP server

How to use Task Manager
How to use Networking tab (XP only) in Task Manager
How to use Problem Steps Recorder
How can I use the NT 4 User Manager on W2K?
Is there any way to list the user information such as username, full name, logon time.
How can I start a program without logon the server?
How can I find which services the server are running?
Microsoft Tools
Some useful WINS troubleshooting tools
Obtain the process identifiers for the processes that are running
Other Tools
server alive monitor through ping
Using Netsh command to troubleshoot NAT issue
Why I can't get print spooler when typing net start art print spooler?

What's Netsh?
Management Utilities
Desktop Management Utilities
FRS Tools
INFO: Windows TCP/IP Troubleshooting Tools

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How to use XP Tools

Go to Help & Support>Pick A Task>Use tools to view your computer information and diagnose problems.
The tools include: My Computer Information; System restore; Remote assistance, Offer remote Assistance;.

Q: How can I verify a computer DNS entries are correctly registered in DNS?

A: You can use the NSLookup tool to verify that DNS entries are correctly registered in DNS. For example,
to verify record registration, use the following commands: nslookup computername.domain.com.

Q: How can I run Windows NT 4 Server Manager Tool on W2K?

A: Run srvmgr.exe.

How to delete same type files from different folders

You can create a batch file including del command, for example, del *.tmp /s, and schedule to run it.

Q: How to list the non-administrative shares on a remote system and the ACLs on those shares.

A: Run srvcheck.exe for Server Share Check, for example, srvcheck \\computername

Q: How can I use the NT 4 User Manager on W2K?

A: Run usrrngr.exe.

Q: Is there any way to list the user information such as username, full name, logon time.

A: Run  usrstat.exe for user Statistics such as username, full name, logon time, for example, usrstat domainname.

Q: How can I start a program without logon the server?

A: Use NET START  SecviceName, for example, net start messanger.

Q: How can I find which services the server are running?

A: Using the NET START command and it will display all running services name.

Q: Why I can't get print spooler when typing net start art print spooler?.

A:  If there is a spaces appear in the service's display name, you need to place double Quotation marks around the name.
For example, to start the Print Spooler, use the following syntax: NET START "Print Spooler".
 

Q: How to add a user right remotely

A: If you cannot access the computer locally, you  may try to use the Ntrights.exe utility to remotely add the user right. Ntrights.exe is a Resource Kit utility that can be used to set user rights from a command prompt. Ntrights.exe can be used to manipulate the rights on either the local computer or a remote computer. (Refer to MS Q152478). Note: to use NTRight.exe utility to add a user right remotely, the computer must already connect to a workgroup or domain and can access by another machine.

How to Determine Which Program Uses or Blocks Specific TCP Ports in Windows Server 2003

The 2003 Netstat.exe utility has a new switch, the -o switch, that can display the process identifier (ID) that is associated with each connection. For example, the netstat -ano command can produce the following output:

Proto    Local Address    Foreign Address    State        PID
TCP      0.0.0.0:80       0.0.0.0:0          Listening    888

Q: How to find my logon server and domain

Command Set shows COMPUTERNAME, LOGONSERVER, USERDOMAIN and USERNAME.

How to manage services remotely

The NT Resource Kit has two utilities, sc.exe and netsvc.exe, that allow you to manage remote computer services. For example, to view the services on a remote machine, use this command: netsvc /query \\servername /list. To startmssqlserver, use netsvc mssqlserver \\servername /start.

How to use net helpmsg to check error details

net helpmsg <message number in decimal>

For example, net helpmsg 1355 equates to "The specified domain either does not exist or could not be contacted."

 

What's Netsh?

Netsh is a command utility that allows you to display or configure the network configuration of a computer either locally or remotely.

You can use the Netsh.exe tool to perform the following tasks:

* Configure interfaces.
* Configure routing protocols.
* Configure filters.
* Configure routes.
* Configure remote access behavior for (RRAS) Service.
* Display the configuration of a currently running router on any computer.
* Use the scripting feature to run a collection of commands in batch mode against a specified router.

The syntax for the Netsh.exe tool is:

netsh [-r router name] [-a AliasFile] [-c Context] [Command | -f ScriptFile]

Sample: How to Use the NETSH Command to Change IP address

You can use the netsh command in Windows 2000 to script the process of changing a computer from a static Internet Protocol (IP) address to Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol (DHCP) or vice versa. The netsh command accomplishes this task without the need to restart the computer. This feature is particularly useful for laptops that move from one environment to another, when it is necessary to use statically assigned IP addresses at one location and DHCP assigned IP addresses at another.

1) To display all of the adapters in the computer with their current IP addresses to determine the correct adapter name, type the following command:

Netsh interface ip show config

2) To switch the specified adapter from a static address to DHCP, type the following command:

netsh interface ip set address "Local Area Connection" dhcp

NOTE: The InterfaceName parameter must match the name of the interface as specified in Network Connections. If InterfaceName contains spaces, use quotation marks around the text (for example, "Interface Name").

3) To change to a static address, type the following command:

netsh interface ip set address "Local Area Connection" static ipaddr subnetmask gateway metric

NOTE: Replace ipaddr with the static IP address, subnetmask with the subnet mask, gateway with the default gateway and, if necessary, metric with the appropriate metric. For example, to change my NIC, 3COM, from 10.0.0.11 to a static address of 10.0.0.111 with the same subnet mask and the default gateway with a metric of 1:

netsh interface ip set address 3COPM static 10.0.0.11 255.255.0.0 10.0.0.111 1

How to use netsh to add/delete/list the DHCP server

Adding Syntax: "netsh dhcp add server ServerDNSServerIP"
Example: netsh dhcp add server dhcpsrv.myomain.com 10.0.0.1

Deleting Syntax: "netsh dhcp delete server ServerDNSServerIP"
Example: netsh dhcp delete server dhcpsrv.myomain.com 10.0.0.1

Listing Syntax: "netsh dhcp show server
Example: netsh dhcp show server

How to change IP using batch file

Depending on what you want, you may have two options: 1) if you want renew IP, create a batch file including ipconfig /renew; 2) if you want to re-setup another static ip, use netsh (refer to How to Use the NETSH Command to Change IP address)

How to check which port is opened in my proxy server (must be from XP)

Syntax connect iphost Host Port (host would be host name or ip)
Example: 1) netsh; 2) diag; 3) from netsh diag>connect iphost 10.0.0.1 25. If [none}, that means port 25 is closed; if [25], it is opened.

How to use Task Manager

Task Manager provides many useful information about applications, processes,  performance and network (for XP only) running on your computer. You can use Task Manager to monitor key indicators of your computer's performance. You can see the status of the programs that are running and end programs that have stopped responding. You can also assess the activity of running processes using as many as fifteen parameters, and see graphs and data on CPU and memory usage. In addition, if you are connected to a network, you can view network status and see how your network is functioning. If you have more than one user connected to your computer, you can see who is connected, what they are working on, and you can send them a message. To run Task Manager, press Ctrl+Alt+Del together.

How to use Networking tab (XP only) in Task Manager

The Networking tab provides an indication of the network traffic for the connections on the local computer. It is useful as a quick reference for determining the amount of network bandwidth being consumed. When multiple network connections are being used, it allows easy comparison of the traffic for each connection. If you have multiple networking cards on your computer, the chart displays a composite index of all networks, representing all network traffic. The Networking monitor can be a tool for troubleshooting.

Obtain the process identifiers for the processes that are running.

Use takslist command.

Management Utilities

srvany.exe - Runs applications as a window 2000 service.

netsvc.exe - Control services remotely.

inuse.exe - Replace files that are currently being used by the OS.

now.exe - echoes the current date and time.

sclist.exe - Display all the installed services and their current status.

showpriv.exe - Display the permission assigned to users and groups on the local system.

elogdmp.exe - Event Log Query Tool can Display Event Log Information in Windows 2000/XP

Desktop Management Utilities

chklinks.exe - Check all shortcut links on a system and allows for the removal of dead links.

netcon.exe - Display the current network connections.

diskuse.exe - display a directory tree and the amount of space used by each user.

Extract.exe - Extract compressed files from an installation *.cab files.

vfi.exe - Display attributes and other information about files on the system.

where.exe - Searches for a file or files on local and remote systems.

winmsd.exe - System information

Vista icacls - Updated version of cacls, Displays or modifies access control lists (ACLs) of files or folders

 

 

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